DIRECTORY of all topics

COMIC STRIP: "A Visit to the Museum of Menstruation"
DIRECTORY of all topics (See also the SEARCH ENGINE, bottom of page.)
CONTRIBUTE to Humor, Words and expressions about menstruation and Would you stop menstruating if you could?
Some MUM site links:
homepage | LIST OF ALL TOPICS | MUM address & What does MUM mean? | e-mail the museum | privacy on this site | who runs this museum?? |
Amazing women! | the art of menstruation | artists (non-menstrual) | asbestos | belts | bidets | founder bio | Bly, Nellie | MUM board | books: menstruation and menopause (and reviews) | cats | company booklets for girls (mostly) directory | contraception and religion | costumes | menstrual cups | cup usage | dispensers | douches, pain, sprays | essay directory | extraction | facts-of-life booklets for girls | famous women in menstrual hygiene ads | FAQ | founder/director biography | gynecological topics by Dr. Soucasaux | humor | huts | links | masturbation | media coverage of MUM | menarche booklets for girls and parents | miscellaneous | museum future | Norwegian menstruation exhibit | odor | olor | pad directory | patent medicine | poetry directory | products, current | puberty booklets for girls and parents | religion | Religión y menstruación | your remedies for menstrual discomfort | menstrual products safety | science | Seguridad de productos para la menstruación | shame | slapping, menstrual | sponges | synchrony | tampon directory | early tampons | teen ads directory | tour of the former museum (video) | underpants & panties directory | videos, films directory | Words and expressions about menstruation | Would you stop menstruating if you could? | What did women do about menstruation in the past? | washable pads
Leer la versión en español de los siguientes temas: Anticoncepción y religión, Breve reseña - Olor - Religión y menstruación - Seguridad de productos para la menstruación.

Continued to next earlier News & Notes

NEW this month (news & letters BELOW):

The Art of Menstruation: Lorraine Lamothe - The Art of Menstruation: Natalie Aniela Dybisz - Small boxes of American patent medicine for women, 19th-20th centuries - Contemporary Chinese menstrual pad belts - Humor
Would you stop menstruating if you could? New contributions
Words and expressions about menstruation: New contributions: Canada: Charlie; France: La saison des fraises; Mexico: Cookies, Ella/él es sangrona/sangron, Qué sangrona eres; U.S.A.: Being female, Being womanly, Drainage, Draining, Emptying, Going to India, Leaking, Mommy's apples [nonmenstrual], Mommy's tail [nonmenstrual], Painful femininity, Periodic, Potty [nonmenstrual], Preparing for unborn children
What did European and American women use for menstruation in the past?

Art of menstruation artists published in Europe
Artists: please make sure I have your e-mail addresses

Last week the large Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera (Io Donna magazine section) and the Turkish women's magazine Dishy called me to get pictures from many of the artists on this site's Art of Menstruation section (here) for articles about this museum. Unfortunately I couldn't send them all they wanted because I had either old, invalid e-mail addresses or none at all (I've lost several through computer failures). So, artists, please send me your current addresses!

A Korean publisher and recently a Canadian anthropologist also failed to contact the lucky artists because of missing e-mail addresses.

Two years ago the Italian edition of Marie Claire - a classy magazine! - wrote about menstruation and this museum and showed many of the MUM artists. Here's the article.

Relief from PMDD - PMS (premenstrual syndrome)?

From WebMD: First oral contraceptive for PMDD may be approved for sale early next year.

Look at The Society for Menstrual Cycle Research site

The new Web site for The Society for Menstrual Cycle Research is online, at

Your MUM - me, the writer - belongs to the society, which I think is the only one of its kind.

Letters to your MUM

Australian comments on women's talk, America, etc.

I've been reading your humour section, its great, I particularly like the, very blackly funny, joke about the homesick abortion. We have a variation on it here in Australia, a comment; "That one crawled out of the abortion bucket", in reference to a particularly obnoxious person, ie. someone only a mother could love. This comment is not said in polite circles, and should only really be said in the company of very close friends.

My theory on Aussies writing to you about bleeding is as follows: here in Australia I don't think we are as up tight about bleeding, it is considered normal and healthy. I am fairly certain that most of my friends were aware of periods well and truly before they arrived. Most people lose their virginity at quite a young age (as early as 12, sometimes younger, yuck). What's not said is that a woman can only conceive within 24 hours of her ovulation, that I didn't discover until I read a uni level anatomy and physiology text book.

I'd also like to suggest that you read Florence King's biographical novel "Confessions of a Failed Southern Lady", which has a wonderful chapter on "the ovariad" she states that if the general public heard the goings on in her lounge room (by her grandmother and other female family) about women's troubles they would put pictures of bloody pads on the outside of the Kotex boxes instead of brown paper, because that was nothing in comparison. It is also a very witty and humorous look at growing up in the "South" of America.

I love your web page, it's really informative and generally funny.

Find Treatment Options and Latest Advances for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Find the Recently Updated Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Guidebook at Medifocus -the Site That Helps Answer Critical Key Questions About Medical Issues.

Make tampon ornaments for your Christmas tree!


I found this link on the topic of how to make a Christmas angel ornament with tampons via and thought it might be of interest to you:

Greetings from Norway


French woman likes MUM and adds phrase


I'm from France and I thought I could give a little contribution to the "Words and expressions" list. My boyfriend always refers to the menses as : "la saison des fraises" which is I guess very similar to Strawberry Jam Time. The accurate translation would be Strawberry Season.

Also, thanks a lot for your wonderful Web site. When I first discovered it I spent hours reading pages and I learnt a lot of useful things. The part I prefer is the history of menstrual products. Very informative because that's a point I haven't read anything about before, and it helped me feel closer to the women of every place and every ages.

Thanks again for the great work you do maintaining this site.

**** from France

"Potty" covers a lot of bases

Dear Your MUM,

I have been enthralled by your site since midnight and it is nearly six in the morning. I'm sure you receive multiple e-mails each day from women (and hopefully other men!) who appreciate your open approach to a taboo subject, especially from a male. I suffer from endometriosis and it has taken my family years to accept it due to the nature of which my family deals with anything concerning reproductive or sexual health, organs, function, or other. It is strange since my grandmother was a nurse and my mother had five females out of her seven births. She refuses to discuss whether she has experienced menopause and also hid her menstruation from us. At 18, I have yet to receive "the talk" from her or any form of sexual or menstrual education. We are still waiting.

When I was 11, I had my period at my aunt's house (a nurse) who informed me that a man could now plant his seed in my body and impregnate me. How confusing! I couldn't figure out if I should be more proud of being a plant or a "woman." My sisters, the oldest being 29, and I are far more open with our cycles and sexuality than the previous generation. Our mother taught us that our organs, vulva, vagina, et al were called our "potty" (which, incidentally, we also called our urine and our toilet). She cannot say clinical terms without whispering them (including breasts, vagina, clitoris, vulva or menstruation, period, et cetera). It amazes me that a woman who experienced eight pregnancies would not educate her daughters about their own menstruation.

My sister has made sure to inform her children about the correct terms or age-appropriate answers for their parts or any other questions when they arise. Her son, however, has named her breasts "mommy's apples" and her pubic hair "mommy's tail." Since he has not asked the "correct" terms for these regions, she does not mind being referred to as an apple with a tail.

I have an anecdote which accompanies my terms for menstrual products. My sister did not know what tampons were since our mother did not leave any trace of them in the garbage or bathroom. She discovered them one day and felt they would serve a purpose as toys for our cat. Much to my mother's dismay, she found tattered, cat-clawed tampons all over the backyard since my sister believed the tampons were "mice" or "mouse toys." With some education, I doubt my sister would have wasted a box of tampons on our cat. (By the way, I think Mama Kitty enjoyed the white mice with tails!)

Also, my other sister located a box of pads and instructed me on the "proper" usage. Initially, she told me they were foot pads and we attached them to our feet and walked around as though we had insoles attached to our socks. Later, she had seen my mother applying a pad to her thigh (my sister's interpretation, of course) and told me pads were used as padding between your legs. We do not necessarily use these terms but I'm glad SOMEONE told me about their purpose!

When I am bleeding, I say I am menstruating, "periodic," "being womanly" or "female," "leaking," "emptying', "draining" or "drainage" or "preparing for unborn children." It is also called "painful femininity" when I have intense cramps or heavy clotting. I am 18 from Seattle and proud of bleeding although I hate the accompanying pain or emotional discomfort. Thank you for this informative site! I learned more about myself and gathered more information and appreciation for other women.

Harry Finley made the illustration. Read an incomplete history of menstrual cups and some older comments about them from site visitors.

She had trouble positioning the Instead menstrual cup

I've enjoyed reading the comments about Instead and thought I'd add mine.

I went to the drug store recently and purchased a box of Instead. I have always had a yucky reaction to disposable pads (they really irritate my vagina after a few days) and tampons make me feel pretty crampy and sore. While I'll probably start wearing cloth menstrual pads, I still prefer the internal method, "unnatural" as that is to some people, I like the idea of collecting it at my cervix and not having pads. My main concern are the chemicals but I've been pregnant or nursing for so many years now that I haven't had to deal with this for awhile!

Anyway, the first time I put in "Instead," I felt SO excited because it really felt comfy. I didn't feel it at all and did not have any crampiness or soreness. When I removed it, I laughed because my menstrual blood was actually sticking to the outside of the membrane. It hadn't made it inside and was not dripping out of me because there wasn't that much yet. I tried another one and had the same issue. 

Twenty-four hours later, of course, my flow was in full-force. I reached in and found that my cervix is really far back right now and so I inserted the cup much farther back to accommodate this, and it worked fine. However, I thankfully had also been wearing a pad and found that it was completely soaked by the time I looked several hours later. (It was a dang hot, sweaty sticky day so I hadn't noticed!)

I reached in and found it rather far inside to easily pull out, so I did a few pushes and by the time I pulled it out, in spite of my gentleness and my awareness of my own anatomy, I managed to spill blood all over my pad (thankfully it was there!) and all over my hand! Much of my fluid had made it into the cup, but a lot of it was now squeezed out of the cup and thankfully I was just at home (not out or at work) with no one but my twins looking at me wondering what in the heck mom was doing. (Priceless conversation with my daughter at this time . :)

So, I'm rather sad!  My best friend had a similar experience. I really wish this would work for me.  Then I was wondering, while reclining on my bed, "Isn't the blood dripping out of my cup right now?" And then, after putting a new one in, whatever flowed out of me between cups really has nowhere to go, whereas with a pad or tampon it would be either absorbed into the pad or into the string.

I think I will try again because I don't like the health risks of tampons but I know pads are not always something I want to be using. What I've been reading about The Keeper scares me slightly, in terms of suction at my cervix, which doesn't seem like a very healthy experience for such an important piece of anatomy!

Thank you for your work!

[She added later:]

Out of curiosity, I tried Instead again last night at the very end of my cycle. I felt inspired by other users who mentioned they just needed a little practice . . . and I really enjoy wearing Instead when it's positioned and working correctly.

I was unable to get it positioned properly. My cervix was so far back, and my vaginal walls had become rather spongy at this point of my cycle. I pushed it in as far as I could and slipped it behind my pubic bone but it would not stay put there, nor would it catch blood, because, once again, it collected on the external membrane - fine for super light days, I suppose, but not very comfortable!

I was definitely intrigued at the idea of using natural sea sponge [here], as someone suggested. I also DO enjoy the feeling of blood flowing from me. It doesn't bother me that much, although I do enjoy wearing tank tops and fitted jeans and really don't like having the bulkiness there, as ungoddesslike as that comment might be.  :)  (Many, many students of traditional midwifery would never dream of putting something inside their "yonis.")

Me? I feel like it's my vagina and I don't mind working with it a little bit so that we're both happy.  :)

Warmly, ****

[Read a short history of cups.]

How to empty The Keeper

Dear Harry,

I've recently stumbled across this Web site and think it's fantastic and remarkable. I'm interested in reading more about sex and periods but I haven't got through a great deal of the info on your site yet. Hope to find some more good stuff.

I did want to comment on The Keeper, however. I've been using it for the past three years. Besides already having paid for itself, I've found that I can enjoy my period more. I never trusted tampons and in the back of my head, I couldn't shake feeling the toxicity of these things in me. The waste was also a problem.

I bought The Keeper intending to test it first at home for awhile until I grew comfortable enough with it to wear in the outside world. It was easier than I could have imagined. I never wore another tampon again.

Like with anything, it's important to read instructions and to relax. Subsequently, it's like with anything in life - it should be done with your full attention. I empty my Keeper in public restrooms as well and this is the reason why I write as it seems many people have issues with this aspect. I wash my hands well with soap before I go into the stall. I take the paper towel that I've dried my hands with. In the washroom, I empty the cup and give it a wipe with the damp paper towel, paying more attention to the outside than the inside, and then chuck it in the bin. My hands don't get bloody, there is a minimum of mess and I wash my hands again anyway on the way out.

The truth of the matter is that the world, as is, was not designed for female comfort. Tampons were overall far worse for me. I think everyone who is contemplating The Keeper should go for it and embark with an open mind. Especially if you've had bad periods all your life, like I have. There's a reason for it and once you discover why, the entire experience will change for the better.


And a newer cup: Mooncup

Hi there,

I've just discovered your fascinating site and have spent the last couple of hours (and many more in the future) immersed in it! (No pun or double entendre intended.)

I live in Australia, and, while in my twenties, first heard of menstrual cups but couldn't find them anywhere. I'm 47 and haven't bled in about three years now, but would have gladly given them a go at the time, as I'd always felt very guilty about using disposable napkins and tampons, as it just seemed such a waste of natural resources. I'd tried using washable reusable ones, but found that with the very heavy flow I experienced, they just weren't practical for a working woman.

I actually lost a job because of a very messy accident in one instant (before antidiscrimination laws were in place in my country).

I thought that you may be interested in a product I've just discovered via the wonderful world of Google - it's a silicon menstrual cup called the "Mooncup" and is marketed via their Web site :

No doubt you're already aware of it, but I thought that I'd let you know on the off chance that you weren't aware of it yet.

I'm going to contact them as well, and let them know of your site, as I'm sure they'd be interested, and may even want to include a link (if I were them, I would).

Both my mother (now, sadly deceased) and I were both very interested in the myths, customs and history of menstruation and how women, and society both perceived and handled it. Unfortunately, as you stated yourself, being such a "taboo" subject over the centuries, it was a difficult subject to research.

Even today, I find so many people are horrified by the fact that I find it an interesting subject, but I can't ever remember feeling ashamed, mostly thanks to my mum.

When she achieved menses (in 1932 at the age of 13), she thought that she was dying, as no one had told her about menstruation, and buried her undies in the back yard for three days until my grandmother found out, then she slapped her hard across the face (a very barbaric custom amongst some Jewish communities) [read about the menstrual slap], gave her a towel [sanitary napkin in America] and two safety pins, and sent her, crying and confused, to a neighbor lady who showed her how to use the towel, and told her that she couldn't let any boys kiss her or she'd get pregnant!

The first time a boy kissed my mum, she worried for two weeks that she was pregnant!

She swore that she'd never let her daughters go through that, so I can't remember a time in my life when I wasn't aware of a woman's menstrual cycle, and why it occurred - I also never copped the smack across the chops either, thank heavens!

Anyway, LOVE the site, and I'll be spreading the word about it - much to the horror of many of my friends, no doubt!



"The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift."

~Albert Einstein

"My second favourite household chore is ironing - my first favourite is hitting my head against the top bunk bed until I faint"~Erma Bombeck

 So, what's a pessary?

Did your uterus fall out? A pessary can hold it in. They also hold a uterus in place that is out of position to a lesser extent. See another pessary - there were and are many kinds - and a uterus that completely protrudes from the vagina.

Dear Harry,

I found your site quite by accident. I am a medical transcriptionist, and utilize the Internet quite often as a resource for correct spellings of medical terms that are unfamiliar to me or to gain further knowledge of that which I transcribe. This evening, one of the reports on which I was working had the word "pessary" in it.  Of course, I generally know the purpose of the pessary, but I don't know what one looks like. My Google search led to your site, and while you do not have a picture of one, I was quite side tracked from my original intent, and spent almost half an hour on your site.  And - though I was quite surprised that the site was founded and maintained by a man - I am very impressed with the amount and variety of information you have managed to amass on this topic. I honestly hadn't ever actually thought about how women in the past or in other countries/cultures handled the menstrual cycle. I have marked your site as a favorite, and plan to visit quite often as I have time. 

Also, if you do happen upon a picture of a pessary, would you post it on your site?

Ms. ****

She tells about her first time

I love your site and just wanted to send in the story of my first period.

I was 13 and I was at an amusement park with my friend, a guy who I had a crush on. His mom and my mom and brother were with us. I had to go to the bathroom so I went in and when I looked down my panties were brown. I wasn't sure if I had an accident or something but I always made a good check of myself. Well, I just happened to be having my period. I put some toilet paper in my panties and ran out. I pulled my mom's arm and whispered what had happened in her ear.  The boys were staring at me weird and I was blushing crimson. My mom had her period too but had no pads or tampons, the same with my friend's mom. The moms were running around like wild trying to find some pads for us. The boys are really starting to question us by now so we were just like, "Sarah is really sick." They were like, "So couldn't we just go home or let her sit for a while." We said no. So my friend's mom got a hold of an attendant and they went off to the first aid station. The attendant, knowing it was my first period, gave us tampons. I was like, how dumb can you get, so we asked her for some pads, too. We got them and all was well, except the boys were babying me and kept asking about how I was. My brother soon found out what was going on. But my friend never did till his mom and I were joking about it when I was about 15. And then he was really grossed out.

I've had so many weird thing happen to me when having my period that this isn't even the funniest. But that first one is unforgettable especially since it lasted 24 days. I think that is a new record or something. [Probably not, actually.]

**** the first and one and only wishes you many pleasant days, if that is what you are into. 


Continued to next earlier News & Notes

Grab the new edition of the famous book about women's health
Read about the new edition (pdf).
Take a quiz about women's health (pdf).
Buy the books through the books' home pages for the English and Spanish editions.
Click on the covers to go to the books' Web sites, where you can learn more about them and get 'em for yourself!

"[Barr] fails to mention frequent and sometimes substantial bleeding, the FDA . . . said"

Barr Pharmaceuticals makes Seasonale, a hormone drug that allows women to have only four periods a year - at least that was the plan. But read on . . . .

"FDA Warns Barr Over Seasonale Commercial

"Fri Dec 31, 2:49 PM ET Health - Reuters

"WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A television commercial for Barr Pharmaceuticals Inc.'s Seasonale misleads consumers by excluding risk information to make the birth control pill seem safer, U.S. health regulators warned in a letter released on Thursday.

"The commercial suggests use of the oral contraceptive leads to only four menstrual periods a year but fails to mention frequent and sometimes substantial bleeding, the FDA (news - web sites) said in the Dec. 29 letter.

"Barr's advertisement plays down the risk of irregular menstrual bleeding that can be as heavy as a regular period by suggesting it would subside with continued use of the pill, the letter said.

"The FDA posted the letter Thursday on its web site at" (a pdf from December 2004)

Results of a trial of the new pill to suppress menstruation, Seasonale: "effective, safe and well tolerated"

Christine L. Hitchcock, Ph.D., Research Associate, Centre for Menstrual Cycle and Ovulation Research (CeMCOR), Endocrinology, Dept. of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada (URL:, sent this to members of the The Society for Menstrual Cycle Research (which includes me).

Here is the first article from the Phase III trial of the higher dose extended schedule pill (Seasonale).

In Contraception. 2003 Aug;68(2):89-96.

A multicenter, randomized study of an extended cycle oral contraceptive.

Anderson FD, Hait H.

The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical

School, Norfolk, VA 23501, USA.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of Seasonale, 91-day extended cycle oral contraceptive (OC). METHODS: A parallel, randomized, multicenter open-label, 1-year study of the OC Seasonale [30 microg ethinyl estradiol (EE)/150 microg levonorgestrel (LNG), and Nordette-28 (30 microg EE/150 microg LNG)] in sexually active, adult women (18-40 years) of childbearing potential. Patients received either four 91-day cycles of extended cycle regimen OC, or 13 cycles of the conventional 28-day OC with daily monitoring of compliance and bleeding via electronic diaries. RESULTS: When taken daily for 84 days followed by 7 days of placebo, the extended cycle regimen was effective in preventing pregnancy and had a safety profile that was comparable to that observed with the 28-day OC regimen that served as the control. While unscheduled (breakthrough) bleeding was reported among patients treated with the extended cycle regimen, it decreased with each successive cycle of therapy and was comparable to that reported by patients who received the conventional OF regimen by the fourth extended cycle. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that Seasonale, 91-day extended cycle OC containing 84 days of 30 microg EE/150 microg LNG followed by 7 days of placebo, was effective, safe and well tolerated.

PMID: 12954519

Press release from the maker of Seasonale, Barr Laboratories

(Kathleen O'Grady, of the Canadian Women's Health Network, kindly sent this to The Society for Menstrual Cycle Research members)

WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Nov. 18 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Barr Laboratories, Inc. (NYSE:BRL) today announced that it has begun promoting SEASONALE(R) (levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol) 0.15 mg/0.03 mg tablets directly to physicians and other healthcare providers. SEASONALE is the first and only FDA-approved extended-cycle oral contraceptive indicated for the prevention of pregnancy and designed to reduce periods from 13 to 4 per year. The Company has initiated physician detailing and promotional activities using the 250-person Duramed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Women's Healthcare Sales Force. Duramed is a wholly owned subsidiary of Barr Laboratories, Inc.

The Company began shipping SEASONALE in mid-October. Promotional Programs directed to physicians include a variety of patient education initiatives, various medical education programs and a publication plan that includes journal advertising. Women and healthcare professionals who would like to learn more about SEASONALE, including full prescribing information, should visit or call the toll-free number 800-719-FOUR (3687).

"We are excited to begin marketing this new choice in oral contraception to healthcare providers and patients through extensive promotional activities and an education campaign," Bruce L. Downey, Barr's Chairman and CEO said. "Our market research indicates that the extended-cycle regimen represents a substantial opportunity with patients and we believe that the already high awareness of SEASONALE will be even higher among target physicians and patients following the launch of our promotional activities and detailing by our Women's Healthcare Sales Force."

"SEASONALE is a 91-day regimen taken daily as 84 active tablets of 0.15 mg of levonorgestrel/0.03 mg of ethinyl estradiol, followed by 7 inactive tablets and is designed to reduce the number of periods from 13 to 4 per year," explained Dr. Carole S. Ben-Maimon, President and Chief Operating Officer of Barr Research. "With SEASONALE, women now have an FDA-approved, safe and effective alternative to the traditional 28-day oral contraceptive regimen."

Clinical Data

The clinical data supporting FDA approval of the SEASONALE (levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol) 0.15 mg/0.03 mg tablets product resulted from a randomized, open-label, multi-center trial that ended in March 2002 and an extension to that trial. In the trials, SEASONALE was found to prevent pregnancy and had a comparable safety profile to a more traditional oral contraceptive.

In the trial, the most reported adverse events were nasopharyngitis, headache and intermenstrual bleeding or spotting.

SEASONALE(R) has been formulated using well-established components, long recognized as safe and effective when used in a 28-day regimen. SEASONALE offers 4 periods per year as compared to 13 per year with traditional oral contraceptives. When prescribing SEASONALE, the convenience of fewer planned menses (4 per year instead of 13 per year) should be weighed against the inconvenience of increased intermenstrual bleeding and/or spotting.

Important Information About Oral Contraceptives

It is estimated that more than 16 million women currently take oral contraceptives in the United States. Oral contraceptives are not for every woman. Serious as well as minor side effects have been reported with the use of hormonal contraceptives. Serious risks include blood clots, stroke, and heart attack. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of serious cardiovascular side effects, especially in women over 35 years. Oral contraceptives do not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Use of SEASONALE provides women with more hormonal exposure on a yearly basis than conventional monthly oral contraceptives containing similar strength synthetic estrogens and progestins (an additional 9 weeks per year). While this added exposure may pose an additional risk of thrombotic and thromboembolic disease, studies to date with SEASONALE have not suggested an increased risk of these disorders. The convenience of fewer menses (4 vs. 13 per year) should be weighed against the inconvenience of increased intermenstrual bleeding/spotting.

Barr Laboratories, Inc. is engaged in the development, manufacture and marketing of generic and proprietary pharmaceuticals.

Forward-Looking Statements

The following sections contain a number of forward-looking statements. To the extent that any statements made in this press release contain information that is not historical, these statements are essentially forward-looking. Forward-looking statements can be identified by their use of words such as "expects," "plans," "will," "may," "anticipates," "believes," "should," "intends," "estimates" and other words of similar meaning. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that cannot be predicted or quantified and, consequently, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include: the difficulty in predicting the timing and outcome of legal proceedings, including patent-related matters such as patent challenge settlements and patent infringement cases; the difficulty of predicting the timing of U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, approvals; court and FDA decisions on exclusivity periods; the ability of competitors to extend exclusivity periods for their products; the success of our product development activities; market and customer acceptance and demand for our pharmaceutical products; our dependence on revenues from significant customers; reimbursement policies of third party payors; our dependence on revenues from significant products; the use of estimates in the preparation of our financial statements; the impact of competitive products and pricing; the ability to develop and launch new products on a timely basis; the availability of raw materials; the availability of any product we purchase and sell as a distributor; our mix of product sales between manufactured products, which typically have higher margins, and distributed products; the regulatory environment; our exposure to product liability and other lawsuits and contingencies; the increasing cost of insurance and the availability of product liability insurance coverage; our timely and successful completion of strategic initiatives, including integrating companies and products we acquire and implementing new enterprise resource planning systems; fluctuations in operating results, including the effects on such results from spending for research and development, sales and marketing activities and patent challenge activities; and other risks detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Source: Barr Laboratories, Inc.

CONTACT: Carol A. Cox, Barr Laboratories, Inc., +1-201-930-3720,

Free documents from Women's Health Initiative to celebrate its one-year anniversary

To mark the one-year anniversary of the Women's Health Initiative Study, which highlighted possible health risks associated with long-term hormone therapy use for menopausal women, the Canadian Women's Health Network has now made the following documents available online and free of charge:

Frequently Asked Questions, answered in plain language:

What is Menopause?

What is Hormone Therapy (HT)?

What are the Alternatives to Hormone Therapy?

Menopause and Heart Disease; What are my Risks?

How do I Stop Taking Hormone Therapy?

In-depth articles:

*The Pros and Cons of Hormone Therapy: Making An Informed Decision

*Health Protection Measures from the Women's Health Initiative

*The Medicalization of Menopause

*HRT in the News: The Women's Health Initiative

*Challenges of Change: Midlife, Menopause and Disability

*Natural Hormones - Are They a Safe Alternative?

*Perimenopause Naturally: An Integrative Medicine Approach

*Thinking Straight: Oestrogen and Cognitive Function at Midlife

*The Truth About Hormone Replacement Therapy

*Menopause Home Test: Save Your $$$

*Recent Studies on Menopause and Pain

*What The Experts are Saying Now: A Round-Up of International Opinion

*Women and Healthy Aging

... and many more!

Check us out at
The Canadian Women's Health Network
Women's Health Information You Can Trust

Many thanks to the Women's Health Clinic, Winnipeg, and A Friend Indeed newsletter, for making many of these documents available to the general public.


Kathleen O'Grady, Director of Communications
Canadian Women's Health Network/Le Réseau canadien pour la santé des femmes
Suite 203, 419 Graham Ave.
Winnipeg MB R3C 0M3
Tel (204) 942-5500, ext. 20


Jobs, conferences, prizes, etc.

Book about periods needs your input, MEN!

Kaylee Powers-Monteros is writing a book about women's periods called "Bloody Rites."

"I consider a woman's period her rite of passage. . . . My book is focusing on the language we use about periods and how that impacts our perceptions of it," she writes.

She has a chapter about men's first learning about menstruation and would like to hear from men in response to the question, "When was the first time you ever heard anything about a period and what was it?" I already sent her mine: when I was in sixth grade the kid next door said his sister had started bleeding from you-know-where. I didn't know anything about you-know-where, actually, having grown up in a prudish military household with two bothers, no sisters and a mother who must have felt very alone.

E-mail her at

Women's Universal Health Initiative

Women's Universal Health Initiative

Women's Universal Health Initiative is by women for women - if you have ideas, events, information, or comments to share, send them to

In these difficult times, all advocacy groups are struggling financially. WUHI is no exception. Please consider becoming a member to support the continuation of the web site and our work on universal health care.

You become a member of WUHI with a tax-deductible donation of any amount. Go to the WUHI website to join online, or send your donation to WUHI, Box 623, Boston, MA 02120.

Health Care Reform: a Women's Issue

Anne Kasper

Anne Kasper, a long time women's health activist, discusses why health care reform is a women's issue. Anne is an editor, with Susan J. Ferguson of Breast Cancer: Society Shapes an Epidemic, a powerful and informative book on the politics of breast cancer.

To read the complete article: <>

Health care reform has long been a women's issue. Since the beginnings of the Women's Health Movement in the late 1960s, women have known that the health care system does not work in the best interests of women's health. When we think of the health care system and its component parts ­ doctors, hospitals, clinics, and prescription drugs, for instance ­ we are increasingly aware that the current system is not designed to promote and maintain our personal health or the health of others. Instead, we are aware of a medical system that delivers sporadic, interventionist, hi-tech, and curative care when what we need most often is continuous, primary, low-tech, and preventive care. Women are the majority of the uninsured and the under insured as well as the majority of health care providers. We are experts on our health, the health of our families, and the health of our communities. We know that we need a health care system that must be a part of changes in other social spheres -- such as wage work, housing, poverty, inequality, and education -- since good health care results from more than access to medical services.

Featured Site

UHCAN - Universal Health Care Action Network

UHCAN is a nationwide network of individuals and organizations, committed to achieving health care for all. It provides a national resource center, facilitates information sharing and the development of strategies for health care justice. UHCAN was formed to bring together diverse groups and activists working for comprehensive health care in state and national campaigns across the country.

Their annual conference, planned for October 24-26, 2003 in Baltimore, MD, is one of the best grass-roots action conferences available. They consider universal health care justice from many perspectives.

Visit UHCAN's website for resources, analyses of health reform issues, and more information on their campaigns for health care justice.

Proposals, Policies, Pending Legislation

Health Care Access Campaign - the Health Care Access Resolution

Health care in America is unjust and inefficient. It costs too much, covers too little, and excludes too many. As the economy deteriorates, it is rapidly getting worse.

One in seven Americans, 80% of whom are from working families, lack health insurance and consequently suffer unnecessary illness and premature death. Tens of millions more are under insured, unable to afford needed services, particularly medications. Health care costs are a leading cause of personal bankruptcy. Communities of color endure major disparities in access and treatment. Double-digit medical inflation undermines employment-based insurance, as employers drop coverage or ask their employees to pay more for less. State budgets are in their worst shape in half a century. Medicare and Medicaid are caught between increases in need and a financial restraints.

In the 108th Congress, the Congressional Universal Health Care Task Force will introduce the Health Care Access Resolution, directing Congress to enact legislation by 2005 that provides access to comprehensive health care for all Americans. Legislators, reacting to the urgency for health care reform, will likely introduce several proposals in this Congress.

Check out the link to learn more about the resolution and how you can contribute to it.

Proposed Health Insurance Tax Credits Could Shortchange Women

Commonwealth Fund report, reviews federal policies designed to help low-income adults buy health insurance, which have focused on tax credits for purchasing coverage in the individual insurance market. This analysis of premium and benefit quotes for individual health plans offered in 25 cities finds that tax credits at the level of those in recent proposals would not be enough to make health insurance affordable to women with low incomes.

Time for Change: the Hidden Cost of a Fragmented Health Insurance System

An excellent overview by Karen Davis, President of The Commonwealth Fund, of factors in the US health care system that lead to it being the most expensive health system in the world.

A Place at the Table: Women's Needs and Medicare Reform

By Marilyn Moon and Pamela Herd

This book, published by the Century Foundation, shows that women have different retirement needs as a group than men. Women are more likely to require long-term care services because they live longer and are more likely to suffer from chronic diseases. Suggests guidelines that would make Medicare reforms work for women, including how to deal with comprehensiveness, affordability, access to quality care, and the availability of information.

Women in the Health Care System: Health Status, Insurance, and Access to Care

Report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) focuses on women in the United States in 1996. Health insurance status is examined in terms of whether women are publicly insured, privately insured, or uninsured, and whether insured women are policyholders or dependents.

Health Insurance Coverage in America: 2001 Data Update

Although not specific to women, this resource contains valuable information about women and health insurance coverage and provides valuable information and facts for general presentations on universal health care. The chart book provides year 2001 data on health insurance coverage, with special attention to the uninsured. It includes trends and major shifts in coverage and a profile of the uninsured population.


Health Care Links

Links to state, national and international organizations working for single payer health care and universal health care. A resource of Physicians for a National Health Program - check out the site for many other resources and excellent factual information on a single payer health care system [ <> ].

Universal Health Care Organizations in Your State

A list of state organizations working for universal health care. Resource of Everybody In, Nobody Out [EINO: ]. Not all states represented.

Families USA New Online Service .

Families USA online service to provide registered users with the following benefits:

Free bimonthly newsletters with articles on health policy issue.

Announcements about organization events.

Discounts on publications

Kaiser Network for Health Policy - Publications and Reports <;hc=806&amp;linkcat=61>

Reports and publications on health policy, access, uninsured and insurance. Supported by the Kaiser Family Foundation. Good source of information.


May 8 - 9 2003

Health Policy and the Underserved

Sponsored by the Joint Center for Poverty Research, looks a social, economic, and outcomes of policies for the underserved.

May 14-16, 2003

2003 Managed Care Law Conference

Colorado Springs, CO

Co-sponsored by American Health Lawyers Association and American Association of Health Plans. Presents legal issues facing health plans and providers.

October 24-26, 2003

National Universal Health Care Action Network [UHCAN] Conference

Baltimore, MD

One of the best grass-roots action conferences available. Considers universal health care from all its perspectives. Check out their website for an overview of their orientation.

November 15, 2003

Physicians for a National Health Program Fall Meeting

San Francisco, CA

November 15 - 19, 2003

American Public Health Association Annual Meeting

San Francisco, CA

Meeting of professionals in public health. Has many sessions on health care reform and women's health, including universal health care.

January 22-23, 2004

National Health Policy Conference

Washington, DC

Wide-ranging discussions of health policy, including health care reform and universal health care.

Women's Universal Health Initiative

PO Box 623

Boston, MA 02120-2822

617-739-2923 Ext 3 <>


Canadian TV film about menstruation Under Wraps now called Menstruation: Breaking the Silence and for sale

Read more about it - it includes this museum (when it was in my house) and many interesting people associated publically with menstruation. Individual Americans can buy the video by contacting

Films for the Humanities
P.O. Box 2053
Princeton, NJ 08543-2053

Tel: 609-275-1400
Fax: 609-275-3767
Toll free order line: 1-800-257-5126

Canadians purchase it through the National Film Board of Canada.

Did your mother slap you when you had your first period?

If so, Lana Thompson wants to hear from you.

The approximately 4000 items of this museum will go to Australia's largest museum . . .

if I die before establishing the Museum of Menstruation and Women's Health as a permanent public display in the United States (read more of my plans here). I have had coronary angioplasty; I have heart disease related to that which killed all six of my parents and grandparents (some when young), according to the foremost Johns Hopkins lipids specialist. The professor told me I would be a "very sick person" if I were not a vegetarian since I cannot tolerate any of the medications available. Almost two years ago I debated the concept of the museum on American national television ("Moral Court," Fox Network) and MUM board member Miki Walsh (see the board), who was in the audience at Warner Brothers studios in Hollywood, said I looked like a zombie - it was the insomnia-inducing effect of the cholesterol medication.

And almost two years ago Megan Hicks, curator of medicine at Australia's Powerhouse Museum, the country's largest, in Sydney, visited MUM (see her and read about the visit). She described her creation of an exhibit about the history of contraception that traveled Australia; because of the subject many people had objected to it before it started and predicted its failure. But it was a great success!

The museum would have a good home.

I'm trying to establish myself as a painter (see some of my paintings) in order to retire from my present job to give myself the time to get this museum into a public place and on display permanently (at least much of it); it's impossible to do now because of the time my present job requires.

An Australian e-mailed me about this:

Wow, the response to the museum, if it were set up in Australia, would be so varied. You'd have some people rejoicing about it and others totally opposing it (we have some yobbos here who think menstruation is "dirty" and all that other rubbish). I reckon it would be great to have it here. Imagine all the school projects! It might make a lot of younger women happier about menstruating, too. I'd go check it out (and take my boyfriend too) :)

Hey, are you related to Karen Finley, the performance artist?? [Not that I know of, and she hasn't claimed me!]

Don't eliminate the ten Regional Offices of the Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor

The Bush Administration is planning to propose, in next year's budget, to eliminate the ten Regional Offices of the Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor. This decision signals the Administration's intent to dismantle the only federal agency specifically mandated to represent the needs of women in the paid work force.

Established in 1920, the Women's Bureau plays a critical function in helping women become aware of their legal rights in the workplace and guiding them to appropriate enforcement agencies for help. The Regional Offices take the lead on the issues that working women care about the most - training for higher paying jobs and non-traditional employment, enforcing laws against pay discrimination, and helping businesses create successful child-care and other family-friendly policies, to name only a few initiatives.

The Regional Offices have achieved real results for wage-earning women for eighty-one years, especially for those who have low incomes or language barriers. The one-on-one assistance provided at the Regional Offices cannot be replaced by a Web site or an electronic voice mail system maintained in Washington.

You can take action on this issue today! Go to to write to Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao and tell her you care about keeping the Regional Offices of the Women's Bureau in operation. You can also let E. Mitchell Daniels, Jr., Director of the Office of Management and Budget, know how you feel about this. You can write a letter of your own or use one we've prepared for you.

If you find this information useful, be sure to forward this alert to your friends and colleagues and encourage them to sign up to receive Email Action Alerts from the National Women's Law Center at

Thank you!

I'm decreasing the frequency of the updates to make time for figuring out how to earn an income

I can retire from my graphics job in July, 2002, and I must if I want to continue developing the site and museum, because of the time involved. But I can't live on the retirement income, so I must find a way to earn enough to support myself. I'm working on some ideas now, and I need the only spare time I have, the time I do these updates on weekends. So, starting December 2001, I will update this site once a month rather than weekly.

Book about menstruation published in Spain

The Spanish journalist who contributed some words for menstruation to this site last year and wrote about this museum (MUM) in the Madrid newspaper "El País" just co-authored with her daughter a book about menstruation (cover at left).

She writes, in part,

Dear Harry Finley,

As I told you, my daughter (Clara de Cominges) and I have written a book (called "El tabú") about menstruation, which is the first one to be published in Spain about that subject. The book - it talks about the MUM - is coming out at the end of March and I just said to the publisher, Editorial Planeta, to contact you and send you some pages from it and the cover as well. I'm sure that it will be interesting to you to have some information about the book that I hope has enough sense of humour to be understood anywhere. Thank you for your interest and help.

If you need anything else, please let me know.

Best wishes,

Margarita Rivière

Belen Lopez, the editor of nonfiction at Planeta, adds that "Margarita, more than 50 years old, and Clara, 20, expose their own experiences about menstruation with a sensational sense of humour." (publisher's site)

My guess is that Spaniards will regard the cover as risqué, as many Americans would. And the book, too. But, let's celebrate!

I earlier mentioned that Procter & Gamble was trying to change attitudes in the Spanish-speaking Americas to get more women to use tampons, specifically Tampax - a hard sell.

Compare this cover with the box cover for the Canadian television video about menstruation, Under Wraps, and the second The Curse.

An American network is now developing a program about menstruation for a popular cable channel; some folks from the network visited me recently to borrow material.

And this museum lent historical tampons and ads for a television program in Spain last year.

Now, if I could only read Spanish! (I'm a former German teacher.)

Money and this site

I, Harry Finley, creator of the museum and site and the "I" of the narrative here, receive a small amount of money from Google-sponsored ads on this site; I have no control over which ads Google sends. I'm hoping this Google money will cover what I pay for a server to host this site and the cost of the site-specific search engine. Otherwise, expenses for the site come out of my pocket, where my salary from my job as a graphic designer is deposited. Sometimes people donate items to the museum.


What happens when you visit this site?

For now, a search engine service will tell me who visits this site, although I don't know in what detail yet. I am not taking names - it's something that comes with the service, which I'm testing to see if it makes it easier for you to locate information on this large site.

In any case, I'm not giving away or selling names of visitors and you won't receive anything from me; you won't get a "cookie." I feel the same way most of you do when you visit a site: I want to be anonymous! Leave me alone!

Help Wanted: This Museum Needs a Public Official For Its Board of Directors

Your MUM is doing the paper work necessary to become eligible to receive support from foundations as a 501(c)3 nonprofit corporation. To achieve this status, it helps to have a American public official - an elected or appointed official of the government, federal, state or local - on its board of directors.

What public official out there will support a museum for the worldwide culture of women's health and menstruation?

Read about my ideas for the museum. What are yours?

Eventually I would also like to entice people experienced in the law, finances and fund raising to the board.

Any suggestions?

Do You Have Irregular Menses?

If so, you may have polycystic ovary syndrome [and here's a support association for it].

Jane Newman, Clinical Research Coordinator at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard University School of Medicine, asked me to tell you that

Irregular menses identify women at high risk for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which exists in 6-10% of women of reproductive age. PCOS is a major cause of infertility and is linked to diabetes.

Learn more about current research on PCOS at Brigham and Women's Hospital, the University of Pennsylvania and Pennsylvania State University - or contact Jane Newman.

If you have fewer than six periods a year, you may be eligible to participate in the study!

See more medical and scientific information about menstruation.

The Art of Menstruation: Lorraine Lamothe - The Art of Menstruation: Natalie Aniela Dybisz - Small boxes of American patent medicine for women, 19th-20th centuries - Contemporary Chinese menstrual pad belts - Humor

Would you stop menstruating if you could? New contributions
Words and expressions about menstruation: New contributions: Canada: Charlie; France: La saison des fraises; Mexico: Cookies, Ella/él es sangrona/sangron, Qué sangrona eres; U.S.A.: Being female, Being womanly, Drainage, Draining, Emptying, Going to India, Leaking, Mommy's apples [nonmenstrual], Mommy's tail [nonmenstrual], Painful femininity, Periodic, Potty [nonmenstrual], Preparing for unborn children
What did European and American women use for menstruation in the past?


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privacy on this site

© 2005 Harry Finley. It is illegal to reproduce or distribute work on this Web site in any manner or medium without written permission of the author. Please report suspected violations to